In a struggle that has lasted on and off for nearly half a century, it appears as though the government forces of Sri Lanka have finally gained the upper hand over the Tamil Tigers, a group of secessionist rebels in northern Sri Lanka. Unfortunately, innocent bystanders have again been caught in the crossfire as two forces struggle for dominance in their land. Nearly 250,000 are trapped between the two sides as they engaged in bitter conflict, the government feeling that they finally have the Tigers on the run continue to press the issue. Yet the Tamil Tigers remain resilient with little sign of surrender coming despite losing the majority of their holdings and military outposts.
The Red Cross as well as India have lobbied to cease the fighting in order to permit the evacuation of wounded. In some respects this is a greater humanitarian concern then Gaza most notably because Sri Lanka receives even less international attention then the forsaken peoples living on and along the Gaza Strip. For the time being, there does not appear to be any chance of ceasing hostilities.
Here is a brief history of the conflict in PDF form: PBS.